Search for employment
This guide provides useful information for your job search.
Losing your job
If you have lost your job, we tell you the steps to follow to receive the benefits or subsidies that you may be eligible for and to look for the options to enter the job market againindicated you steps that you can follow to charge provisions or subsidies that you correspond and to search options that allow you insert you again on the market work.
At your company, depending on the circumstances that you left the company, you may have the right to compensation. View the Labour Guide published by the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, in the section Steps to take if you are dismissed.
To start receiving the benefits for which you are eligible, there are deadlines that you must respect.
Immediate actions that an unemployed person must take
You must register as a job-seeker with the Public Employment Service in your autonomous community. Go to the Public Employment Services.
You can learn more about the steps you have to take and the documents you need to apply for an unemployment benefit or subsidy on the website of the Public State Employment Service, by ringing 90 111 9999 or going into the nearest employment office. For the latter, you have to make an appointment.
Apply for benefits and subsidies
With all the documents and the information on the Public State Employment Service website (SEPE) at your closest office after making an appointment -appointment- they will inform you on the benefits you are entitled to. We provide you with the information offered according to your specific situation, as well as the requirements you must meet to receive a subsidy or the unemployment benefit.
- If you worked more than one year
- If you worked less than one year.
- If you were affected by a Collective Redundancy Proceeding (ERE)
- If you are pregnant
- If you have leave for temporary disability
- If you work in the fields
- If you are a returning emigrant
- If you want to return to your country
- If you are a victim of gender or domestic violence
- If you just got out in prison
To help you process your application for the applicable benefit or subsidy, SEPE has a website with all the application forms.
If you have a digital certificate, Spanish ID or username and password, you can carry out several procedures on the SEPE electronic office, such as applying for your benefit, without needing to go into the actual office, provided that you have previously registered as a job seeker, which will save you time.
If your unemployment benefit has run out or you don't have the right to receive it, the state has a system for receiving a specific amount that is called Active Placement Income. This page contains information on the requirements to receive it, as well as its duration and amount.
If you do not fulfil the requirements to receive it, please go to the PREPARA planThis professional qualification programme is for people who have exhausted their unemployment buffer, based on active employment policy actions and receiving a financial aid as support.
Looking for a job in the public sector
All job information at the General state administration can be accessed via the page Public employment.
To work in the public sector, the first thing you need to know is that you will have to pass different selection tests and official exams, as well as meeting a series of conditions that will be detailed in the rules for the call for these tests.
Conditions for taking public examinations
The terms and conditions are detailed in the calls published in the Official State Gazette (BOE) and in the Official Gazettes of the autonomous communities and refer to these matters:
- Educational level
Application to take public examinations
Fill out the pertinent form, pay the exam fees and submit the application form.
The steps to be followed with the General state administration are:
- Select the call for the selection exam you are interested in and check the deadline for submitting the application; it is usually 20 calendar days from the call publication date.
- Fill in application form 790: application for admission to selection exams at the public administration and payment of exam fees.
- The form is available on the internet here: https://ips.redsara.es/
- You must pay the fees for taking the exam, either by going to one of the financial institutions listed on the call or via computer.
- After the exam fees have been paid, you have to turn in the application at a registry listed on the call:
- You can submit it in person or via computer.
- You must keep the receipt. After the deadline for submitting applications, there is a maximum period of one month to publish the list of EXCLUDED candidates.
- The places at which the lists are displayed for provisionally accepted candidates.
- Period in which to submit observations
- And starting date and time of the first public exam.
Job search in the private sector
If you want to look for a job in the private sector, you can obtain information here:
My life in procedures - Employment - Employment in the private sector.
On the website Find a job. Employment Portal of the Public State Employment Service, you can view job offers. It is advisable to register. Besides a generic search engine, it has three sections: the jobs with the greatest demand, the occupations for which hiring is increasing and the requirements most valued by companies.
You can also use the specialised job search portals via internet, as well as social networks specialising in promoting professional profiles, on which you can exchange information, ideas and opportunities.
The first thing you need to do is write your CV. The curriculum vitae is one of the most important documents in your job search. It is the main way to promote yourself.
You can view the European curriculum vitae model
The sections that a complete curriculum must contain:
- Personal details: Full name, place and date of birth, home address, contact phone number and don't forget your email address.
- Academic background: Studies, indicating the dates, centres and place where you did them.
- Other degrees: Studies complementary studies to your university degree. Detail the dates, centres and place where you did them.
- Work experience: Work experience related to university studies or that can be of interest to the company.
- Languages: In this section, add the languages you speak and your level, as well as any recognised title or certification of this knowledge.
- Computers: Detail your computer knowledge: operating systems, text processors, spreadsheets, databases, graphic design, internet, etc.
- Other data of interest: Include any points that have not been included still in this last section, such as: Driving license, geographical availability, times available, etc.
Further issues to bear in mind:
- Where you will send your curriculum: It is extremely important to know the company you want to work for and know precisely what they are looking for.
- Job post you are applying for: It is good to bear in mind the exact job and the skills it requires.
- Specific preparation for the job post: You must ensure you meet the requirements they are looking for and, if you do, emphasise them.
- Professional achievements: Focus on what you really know and if it is related to the job post.
- Previous work experience: Analyse your career and find positive aspects from all the functions you have performed.
- Other experiences to certify: There are many experiences that can be useful to include on your curriculum: voluntary work, placements abroad, etc.
After you have finished your curriculum, you can write a cover letter addressed to the potential employer. The function of this letter is to stand out, establish a difference from all other candidates and, in summary, to get a personal interview. Don't forget that the cover letter can be as important as the curriculum. This letter will set out your interest in working for the company in question.
Job search abroad
EURES (European Job Mobility Portal) provides information, advisory and hiring/placement information (job search) to employees and employers, as well as to any citizen who wants to take advantage of the free circulation of people. This service is offered by the European Commission.
Participate in training actions
When you are looking for a job, you must be ready to accept the posts they are offering. You can receive training via the regulated courses given at teaching centres and via vocational training for employment.
This training is offered by the educational system and is organised into education cycles, degrees and levels for suitable transitions between them. For more information view our website My life in procedures - Education and training.
Education offered is:
- Primary education
- Compulsory secondary education
- Vocational training
- Language teaching
- Art teaching
- Sports teaching
- University education
- Education for older persons
Training for work
Public Employment Services offer you the chance to find different courses, programmes and activities for training aimed at finding employment. Training for work.